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Controlling - Meaning and Characteristics

June 18, 2019

Managerial planning results in the framing of objectives and laying down of targets. To achieve the objectives, a proper organisational structure is designed; people are assigned the various tasks; and are directed to perform their respective jobs. ...

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Co-ordination - Meaning and Significance

June 17, 2019

In every organisation, different types of work are performed by various groups and no single group can be expected to achieve the goals of the organisation as a whole. Hence, it becomes essential that the activities of different work groups and departments should ...

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Leadership - Meaning, Importance and Qualities

June 16, 2019

While motivation is the process through which employees are made to contribute voluntarily to work, leadership is the ability to persuade and motivate others to work in a desired way for achieving the goals. Thus, a person who is able to influence others and ...

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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

June 15, 2019

According to Maslow, an individual has many needs and their order can be determined. If a person satisfies his first need, then he thinks about his next need. After satisfying the second need, he tries to satisfy third need and so on. So needs are the ...

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Motivation

June 14, 2019

Motivation is one of the important elements of directing. Issuance of proper instructions or orders does not necessarily ensure that they will be properly carried out. It requires manager to inspire or induce the employees to act and get the expected ...

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Supervision

June 13, 2019

After the employees have been instructed regarding what they have to do and how to do, it is the duty of the manager to see that they perform the work as per instructions. This is known as supervision. Managers play the role of supervisors and ensure ...

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Barriers to Effective Communication

June 12, 2019

Barrier means the hindrance that adversely affect communication. A. Semantic Barriers These barriers take place when the sender and the receiver of the message interpret the words, sentences, symbols etc. differently. Symbols with different meanings: ...

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Communication - Meaning, Importance and Types

June 11, 2019

Communication is a basic organisational function, which refers to the process by which a person (known as sender) transmits information or messages to another person (known as receiver). The purpose of communication in organisations is to convey orders, instructions, ...

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Meaning and Importance of Directing

June 10, 2019

While managing an enterprise, managers have to get things done through people. In order to be able to do so, they have to undertake many activities, like guide the people who work under them, inspire and lead them to achieve common objectives. For ...

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Training and Development

June 09, 2019

Helping the employees to improve their knowledge and skill so as to be able to perform their tasks more efficiently is known as training. It is an organised activity for increasing the knowledge and skills of people for a specific purpose. The term ...

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Selection

June 08, 2019

When an adequate number of applications or names of interested candidates have been collected through the recruitment exercises, the selection process starts. Selection refers to the process of choosing the most suitable person from among the list of ...

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Recruitment

June 07, 2019

Suppose you want to open a restaurant. After planning and organising you are aware of the various job positions that are required to be filled up. Let us say, you have assessed your requirement for a general manager, a chef, an accountant, and many other ...

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