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Local Government: Urban and Rural

January 30, 2023

There are three types of urban local bodies: Municipal Corporations in big cities, Municipalities in medium and small towns and Nagar Panchayats in semi localities. Urban local government is the major supplier of essential civic services and facilities in our urban areas, and it represents grassroots democracy at the local level.

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Universal Adult Franchise and Methods of Representation

January 29, 2023

Universal adult franchise is the foundation of a representative democracy. It means that each man or woman after attaining a prescribed age is entitled to vote in the elections without any discrimination on grounds of caste, creed, religion, language or sex.

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Electoral System in India

January 28, 2023

Election is a complex exercise, it involves schedules rules and machinery, the voting procedure, filing of nominations, their scrutiny and the campaigns carried out by the parties and the candidates before actual polling. Election Commission is for electoral system in India and suggestions for electoral reforms.

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National Political Parties

January 27, 2023

Political parties exist in every democratic society and even in authoritarian systems. In a political system, parties act as the carrier of ideas, opinions and approaches to social needs and national goals. Parties provide a link between the citizens and the government, between the electorate and the representative institutions.

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Regionalism and Regional Parties

January 26, 2023

Regionalism means strong attachment to a particular region or a state as against the country. This feeling arises either due to the continuous neglect of a particular area or because the people of a particular region become politically aware and seek to fight perceived discrimination.

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Pressure Groups

November 05, 2022

Pressure or interest groups are organized groups, having common and social interests concerned with influencing decision making by putting pressure from outside. Pressure groups have voluntary membership and are found in every country.

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Public Opinion

November 03, 2022

In any political system public opinion and pressure groups play a very significant role. There is various aspects of public opinion and pressure groups. Democracy derives its authority from the people, no government whether it is democratic or not, can afford to ignore the public opinion and pressure groups.

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Communalism, Caste and Reservations

November 01, 2022

Communalism has divided the religions lines and it is a threat to our communal harmony. The communal violence can affect the life in the country practically. The criminal forces also caught on to this. Minority communalism and majority communalism alike are harmful to healthy democracy and economic progress.

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Good Governance

October 30, 2022

The concept of good governance is very nice, the features or attributes of good governance, the extent or level of their existence at the national and other lower levels are very vast. There are many reflected on the problems in implementing the ideals or goals of good governance, mainly posed by the population explosion, violence, terrorism, and corruption.

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Human Rights

October 28, 2022

Human rights in practice have been defined to include all aspects of dignified human existence which make every human being an equal member of the human family. Human dignity is the essence of human rights.

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India and Sri Lanka

October 09, 2022

Sri Lanka was earlier known as Ceylon (until 1972). It is a small island country situated in the Indian Ocean to the south of India. Its total area is 25,332 sq. miles. It has geographical proximity to India.

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India and Pakistan

October 07, 2022

No two countries in the world have so much in common as India and Pakistan. Yet they have perpetually been in a state of undeclared war with varying degree of intensity.

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India and China

October 05, 2022

India and China are the two great giants of Asia. They are also two of the most ancient civilisations of the world. Historically, several historians have successfully traced the cultural linkages dating back to 2nd century BC.

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India's Relations with USA and Russia

September 27, 2022

India has always shared a very cordial relations with USA and Russia, both countries has helped and appreciated the India's efforts for development. India and the US are two great democracies. But for a long time, the relationship between them was far from smooth. Indo Soviet Union relationship was based on several common grounds from the beginning.

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India's Foreign Policy

September 25, 2022

India has followed certain basic principles in the conduct of its foreign policy from which it has not deviated much. In fact, some of its basic features such as nonalignment remain significant and relevant. India has contributed significantly to UN efforts for peace and disarmament and to UN peacekeeping operations.

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United Nations: Economic and Social Development

September 23, 2022

UN and its affiliated agencies play an important role in the promotion of international co-operation in the economic and social fields. The United Nations considered that stable peace cannot be achieved without economic and social development of all nations.

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United Nations Peace Activities

September 21, 2022

The United Nations was created to work for peace in all parts of the world. In fact, peace is its topmost aim. United Nations is today the most important organisation dedicated to world peace. Many organs of the United Nations work for peace.

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The United Nations

August 02, 2022

United Nations (UN) is an important international institution of our times. It was set up in 1945 with 51 countries as member nations and its current membership is 192. Most of the countries in the world today are members of the United Nations.

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Contemporary World Order

July 31, 2022

World affairs is mainly the sum of relations among States. It is not limited to States only. Contact and cooperation between ordinary people in capacities as tourists, journalists, businessmen, sportsmen, etc. are growing very fast.

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Public Service Commissions

July 29, 2022

Civil servants occupy an important role in the successful administration of state at different levels. Therefore, their recruitment, training, emoluments, conditions of service, promotion policies, etc. assume importance.

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Administrative Machinery at Centre, State and District Levels

July 27, 2022

Public Administration is the management of public affairs. it is a study of Indian administrative system at multi - level considering the administrative machinery at the central, states, district, and the local levels.

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Political Executive and Bureaucracy

July 25, 2022

Bureaucracy is a permanent fixture. Theoretically they play different roles, politicians make policies and administrators implement them. Bureaucracy is a body of permanent paid and skilled officials.

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Public Grievances and Redressal Machinery

July 23, 2022

The grievances of citizens against government machinery needs to be heard and redressed, every democracy sets up appropriate machinery for the redressal of citizens’ grievances. Some States have appointed Lokayukta.

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Positioning of Elements

July 22, 2022

With CSS positioning, you can place an element exactly where you want it on your page. Together with floats, positioning gives you many possibilities to create an advanced and precise layout.

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