Introductory General Science

The laws and principles of science find application, not only in daily life but also in every walk of life. As a result Science and Technology have become an integral part of human life and culture.

A. Physics

1. Measurement in Science and Technology

  1. Measurements
  2. How Did Ancestors Make Measurements
  3. SI Units
  4. Derived Units
  5. Definitions of Seven SI Units

2. Motion

  1. Motion and Rest
  2. Distance and Displacement
  3. Speed
  4. Velocity
  5. Average Speed and Average Velocity
  6. Position-Time Graph
  7. Velocity-Time Graph
  8. Acceleration
  9. Equations of Motion
  10. Uniform Circular Motion

3. Force

  1. Meaning of Force
  2. Inertia
  3. Newton's First Law of Motion
  4. Momentum
  5. Newton’s Second Law of Motion
  6. Newton's Third Law of Motion
  7. Conservation of Momentum
  8. Force of Friction
  9. Thrust and Pressure

4. Work and Energy

5. Gravitation

  1. Force of Gravitation
  2. Newton's Law of Gravitation
  3. Acceleration Due to Gravity
  4. Motion of an Object Under Gravity
  5. Mass and Weight
  6. Buoyancy and Archimedes' Principle

6. Properties of Solids & Fluids

7. Electricity

8. Magnetism

9. Heat

10. Light

11. Sound and Communication

Physics Scientific Reasons

B. Chemistry

1. Matter

  1. Matter in Our Surroundings
  2. States of Matter
  3. Effect of Temperature and Pressure on States of Matter
  4. Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  5. Homogeneous Mixture
  6. Heterogeneous Mixture
  7. Solution and its Concentration
  8. Suspensions
  9. Separation of Mixtures

2. Atoms and Molecules

  1. Laws of Chemical Combinations
  2. Dalton's Atomic Theory
  3. Atom and Atomic Mass
  4. Molecule
  5. Mole Concept
  6. Chemical Formula of Compounds

3. Chemical Reactions and Equations

  1. Chemical Equations
  2. Balanced Chemical Equations

Type of Reactions

  1. Combination
  2. Decomposition
  3. Displacement
  4. Double Displacement
  5. Oxidation and Reduction
  6. Effect of Redox Reactions: Corrosion & Rancidity

4. Atomic Structure

  1. Discovery of Electron
  2. Discovery of Proton
  3. Thomson Model
  4. Rutherford’s Model
  5. Bohr's Model of Atom
  6. Discovery of Neutron
  7. Atomic Number and Mass Number
  8. Electronic Configuration
  9. Valency

5. Periodic Classification of Elements

  1. Need for Classification of Elements
  2. Dobereiner's Triads
  3. Newlands' Law of Octaves
  4. Mendeleev's Periodic Law and Periodic Table
  5. Modern Periodic Law
  6. Modern Periodic Table
  7. Periodic Trends in Properties

6. Chemical Bonding

  1. Why Do Atoms Combine?
  2. Ionic Bonding
  3. Properties of Ionic Compounds
  4. Covalent Bonding
  5. Properties of Covalent Substances

7. Acids, Bases and Salts

  1. Acids and Bases
  2. Properties of Acids
  3. Properties of Bases
  4. Water and Dissociation of Acids & Bases
  5. Self Dissociation of Water
  6. Neutral, Acidic and Basic Solutions
  7. pH and its Importance
  8. pH Scale
  9. Importance of pH in Everyday Life
  10. Formation of Salts
  11. Baking Soda
  12. Washing Soda
  13. Plaster of Paris
  14. Bleaching Powder

8. Materials: Metals and Non-metals

9. Carbon and its Compounds

C. Biology

1. Living Organism

  1. Biodiversity
  2. Levels of Biodiversity
  3. Patterns of Biodiversity
  4. How Organisms are Named
  5. Five Kingdoms of Life
  6. Plantae Kingdom
  7. Animalia Kingdom
  8. History of Life
  9. Diversification of Life
  10. Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
  11. Neo-Darwinism
  12. Human Evolution

2. Cells and Tissues

  1. Cell Theory
  2. Prokaryotic are Eukaryotic Cells
  3. Cell Structure and Functions
  4. Cell Division
  5. Tissues
  6. Plant Tissue
  7. Animal Tissue
  8. Stem Cell Technology

3. Digestion, Transportation, Respiration and Excretion

  1. Why Do We Need Food
  2. Types of Nutrition
  3. Nutrition in Plants - Photosynthesis
  4. Nutrition in Humans
  5. Digestion - Nutrition in Human Beings
  6. Deficiency Diseases or Nutritional Disorder
  7. Life Processes
  8. Transportation in Plants
  9. Transportation in Humans
  10. Blood
  11. Blood Group
  12. Lympthatic System
  13. Disorders Related to Circulatory System
  14. Respiration in Plants
  15. Breathing and Respiration in Humans
  16. Human Excretory System
  17. Kidney Failure, Dialysis and Kidney Transplant

4. Nervous System: Control and Coordination

  1. Control and Coordination
  2. Nervous System
  3. Central Nervous System
  4. Reflex Action
  5. Peripheral Nervous System
  6. Endocrine System

5. Reproduction

  1. Introduction to Reproduction
  2. Asexual Reproduction
  3. Sexual Reproduction in Plants
  4. Sexual Reproduction in Animals
  5. Reproduction in Humans
  6. Reproductive Organs in Humans
  7. Fertilization and Embryonic Development
  8. RTI and STD

6. Heredity

  1. Introduction to Heredity and Variation
  2. Mendel's Laws of Inheritance
  3. Chromosomes
  4. Genes
  5. DNA Molecule
  6. Blood Group Inheritance in Humans
  7. Sex Determination in Humans
  8. Hereditary Disorders
  9. Genetic Engineering

D. Environmental Science

1. Air

  1. Composition of Air
  2. Air Pressure
  3. Atmosphere
  4. Air Pollution

2. Water

  1. Sources of Water
  2. Potable and Non-potable water
  3. Purification of Water
  4. Water as Universal Solvent
  5. Hard Water and Soft Water
  6. Polar Nature of Water
  7. Surface Tension
  8. Capillarity - Rise of Water
  9. Density of Water
  10. Water Pollution

3. Sources of Energy

4. Natural Environment

5. Environmental Problems

6. Food and Nutrition

7. Health and Hygiene