Origin of Creation

In the Rig Veda, many sages like Prajapati, Parmeshthi Narayana and dhirghatama have described the initial stage of creation. In Rig Veda, there is mention of creation in Nasadiya Sukta and Purusha Sukta.

According to the Purusha Sukta, the creation of the universe has originated from the Virat Purush. In the Purusha Sukta, Narayan Rishi has described the creative power and omnipresence of the supreme power.

It is said that the Almighty God is the one with thousands of heads, thousands of eyes and with thousands of feet, he is present in the whole universe. God, who is the creator of the world, has surrounded the whole nature in all its forms. Even after encircling the entire nature from all sides, it is situated on the tenth finger in it with grace. Here the creation of the universe is told through the working powers of the Almighty.

Before the creation of the universe, it was initially covered with darkness. Only that was the least liquid. According to Prajapati Parmeshthi in the Nasadi Sukta of the Rigveda, in the early period of creation, there was a substance called "Swadha" which was in a liquid state from which the creation has taken place.

There is a moving fluid called 'Swadha' which made creation possible. 'Swadha' is a kind of an atom. Atoms behave like a liquid due to being too subtle. 'Swadha' transforms in the form of water.

The ultimate controlling power, by balancing Sattva, Rajas, Tamas, activated the atom by accelerating it. It means that by equilibrium, the atoms of nature became brighter. In nature's incoherence, the atom is called Vasu. In equilibrium, Vasu becomes energetic and gets activated.

When equal forces of atoms come face to face, they start pushing each other away and unequal forces attract each other, resulting in the movement of the atoms. This motion is indicated by the name of Vayu in the Vedas. There was a mutual coincidence with the speed in the atom, which led to the formation of the terms. Three types of terms (formation) are mentioned in the Rigveda:

  1. Sattvaguna Pradhan
  2. Rajoguna Pradhan
  3. Tamoguna Pradhan

Sattva, Rajas and Tamas are considered positive, negative and with zero charge respectively. In the Vedas, Sattva, Rajas and Tamas have been named Mitra, Varun, Aaryama respectively. Modern science has called Mitra as electron, Varun as proton and Aaryama as neutron.

The way modern science believes that nuclear were first made and atoms have led to the creation of other things, in the same way in Vedic literature, it is also believed that the circle of nature is formed by Mitra, Varun and Aaryama.

This ultimate power of the universe is considered Hiranyamaya in the Rigveda, which led to the emergence of the five great elements.

According to Rigveda, Rishi Madhuchanda, the Almighty created the complete space from water which was filled with atoms. Time, era and calculation appeared from the space containing atoms. The Sun, day, night and vital world held on to the Supreme Power. After this, the mighty Supreme God created the sun, the moon, the dhuloka, the earth, the space and the heaven respectively.

The sage Kutsa of the Atharvaveda believes that this process of creation of the world keeps on being new and transforming. It keeps going on continuously. The power that it produces is permanent and eternal.


1. Which Veda states that the Almighty has thousands of heads, thousands of eyes and thousands of feet?


2. According to Nasadi Sukta, what is the name of the substance, during the early period of creation, when it was in a liquid state?


3. How many types of terms (formations) are mentioned in Rigveda?

Three types

4. Write the names of the five great elements.

Sky, Air, Fire, Water, Earth