Staffing refers to the managerial function of employing and developing human resources for carrying out the various managerial and non-managerial activities in an organisation. This involves determining the manpower requirement, and the methods of recruiting, selecting, training and developing the people for various positions created in the organisation.
This is a continuous process because the organisation’s need to retain and update its personnel is a never ending exercise. The managers have to keep a regular watch on the number and composition of the personnel needed by the organisation, because the requirement of manpower keeps on changing and expanding with the expansion of activities and additions of new departments and work units.
Not only that, at any point of time, some people will be leaving, retiring, getting promotion or transferred. The vacancies thus created have to be filled up. Staffing function is an integral part of human resource management and, in its wider sense, also includes the activities of determining the remuneration of workers, appraising their performance, and deciding on their promotion, transfers, etc.
It is the people in every organisation who run the show successfully. For example, if you do not have good salesman you cannot sell well even if your product is good. Similarly, you may have the best quality raw materials, machines, etc. but the quality of the product is not assured unless, you have good workers engaged in the production process.
Staffing, thus, as a function, is very important as it is through this process that we get right persons for the organisation and ensure that they stick to the organisation. The benefits of good staffing are:
It helps in getting right people for the right job at the right time. The function of staffing enables the manager to find out as to how many workers are required and with what qualifications and experience.
Staffing contributes to improved organisational productivity. Through proper selection the organisation gets quality workers, and through proper training the performances level of the workers can be improved.
It helps in providing job satisfaction to the employees keeping their morale high. With proper training and development programmes their efficiency improves and they feel assured of their career advancements.
Staffing maintains harmony in the organisation. Through proper staffing, individuals are not just recruited and selected but their performance is regularly appraised and promotions made on merit. For all these, certain rules are made and are duly communicated to all concerned. This fosters harmony and peace in the organisation.
Human Resource Management (HRM) is a broad concept, whereas staffing is a part of it. HRM is the art of procuring, developing and maintaining suitable persons to achieve the goals of an organisation in an effective way. It is the way of optimising human competence at the workplace so that the goals of an organisation are accomplished effectively.
Human Resource Management is that part of management process which develops and manages the human element of the enterprise considering their knowledge, skills, creative abilities, talents and potential for contributing to the organisational objectives. HRM is a broader concept.
Human Resource Management includes human resource planning, recruitment, selection, placement and training of workers, performance appraisal, motivation of work force, remuneration of workers, welfare of employees etc. So staffing is a part of human resource management.