An Adjective as a word used with a noun to add something for its meaning. To describe any person, place or thing, adjectives are used.
1. Adjectives of Quality
Adjectives of Quality (Descriptive Adjective) show the kind or quality of a person or thing. Adjectives of Quality answer the question: Of what kind?
2. Adjectives of Quantity
Adjectives of Quantity show how much of a thing is meant. Adjectives of Quantity answer the question: How much? Words like some, little, few, many, half, enough are some examples of adjectives of quantity.
3. Adjectives of Number
Adjectives of Number (Numeral Adjectives) show how many persons or things are meant, or in what order a person or thing stands. Adjectives of Number are of three kinds:
4. Demonstrative Adjectives
Demonstrative Adjectives point out which person or thing is meant. Demonstrative Adjectives answer the question: Which? for example,
This and that are used with Singular nouns and these and those with Plural nouns.
5. Interrogative Adjectives
What, which and whose, when they are used with nouns to ask questions, are called Interrogative Adjectives.
An Adjective used attributively is generally placed immediately before the noun. If there are more than two adjectives, a comma is usually used between them.
To express quantity or degree, some is used normally in affirmative sentences, any in negative or interrogative sentences. For example,
Each and every are similar in meaning, but every is a stronger word than each. It means, 'each without exception'. Each is used in speaking of two or more things. Every is used only in speaking of more than two.
Each directs attention to the individuals forming any group. Every to the total group. Each is used only when the number in the group is limited and definite. Every when the number is indefinite.
Little, A little, The little
Little: not much (hardly any). Thus, the adjective little has a negative meaning. For example,
A little: some though not much. 'A little' has a positive meaning. For example,
The little: not much, but all there is. For example,