Training and Development

Helping the employees to improve their knowledge and skill so as to be able to perform their tasks more efficiently is known as training. It is an organised activity for increasing the knowledge and skills of people for a specific purpose.

The term 'development' refers to the process of not only building up the skill and abilities for specific purpose but also the overall competence of employees to undertake more difficult and challenging tasks. It is generally used with reference to the training of managers and executives.


Training is an act of increasing the knowledge and technical skills of an employee for doing a particular job efficiently.

Development refers to the learning opportunities designed to help employees to grow. It involves growth an individual in all areas. Development help workforce to improve technical skills, problem solving skills and decision making skills.

Training is necessary for new employees as well as the existing employees for improving their performance at work. For new employees, training is necessary to help them get acquainted with the method of operation and skill requirement of the job.

For existing employees, training at periodical intervals is helpful for learning better ways of doing the work, and also as and when they have to undertake new jobs. Thus, training helps employees to improve their knowledge and skill and make them perform their tasks more efficiently. It also helps them in promotion and improves their attitudes and confidence levels.

Importance of Training and Development

Benefits of training for organisations

  1. Less wastage, as a trained worker takes less time in learning and doing a job.
  2. Better employee performance leading to higher profits.
  3. Better utilisation of men, machines and materials.
  4. Develop positive attitude in the mind of workers and motivate work force to take new ventures.
  5. Reduce labour turnover and absenteeism.
  6. Trained worker will adopt fast to the environmental changes compared to untrained worker.

Benefits of Training to the Employee

  1. Improved skills acquired from training bring better career options for workers.
  2. Better performance by the worker help him to earn more.
  3. Trained worker will have better awareness to handle problems and he will be capable to deal with complex type of work.
  4. Training increases the moral of workforce.

Methods of Training

There are different methods of giving training to the employees which can be divided into two broad categories:

  1. On-the-Job methods
  2. Off-the-Job methods

1. On-the-Job methods

In these methods, the employees learn about their jobs while doing the work duly assisted by their supervisors or seniors. These methods encourage self-learning through practice. Job instruction or coaching, and job rotation, learning while working as an assistant to a senior, understudy positions, temporary promotions are some of the common methods of on-the-job training.

2. Off-the-Job methods

These methods involve training employees away from the work place so that experts may conduct the training and employees are free from immediate pressure of completing the jobs at hand. Lectures with demonstration, conferences, case discussions, video shows and films are some of the common methods used as off-the-job training methods.

Then, there is another off the job method of training called vestibule training. The vestibule training refers to the training in specially designed workshops in which an attempt is made to duplicate as closely as possible the actual conditions of the work place. In such workshops a large number of employees can be trained in a relatively short period of time.

Difference between Training and Development


  1. Training is concerned with teaching technical skills only.

  2. It is suitable for technical staff.

  3. It is a short term process.

  4. It teaches technical skills and is meant for non-managerial personnel.

  5. Develop already possessed qualities.


  1. Development is concerned in teaching technical, human and conceptual skill.

  2. It is suitable for managerial staff.

  3. It is a long term process.

  4. It teaches concepts & human skills and meant for managerial personnel.

  5. Develop hidden qualities and talent of personnel.