Bleaching is a process of removing colour from a cloth to make it whiter. Bleaching powder has been used for this purpose since long. Chemically, it is calcium oxychloride, CaOCl2.
Raw Material Required
The raw material required for the manufacture of bleaching powder are:
It is manufactured by Hasen-Clever Method. The plant consists of four cylinders made of cast iron with inlet for chlorine near the base. The dry slaked lime, calcium hydroxide is fed into the chlorinating cylinders from the top. It moves down slowly and meets the upcoming current of chlorine. As a result of the reaction between them, it is converted into bleaching power which collects at the bottom.
Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 → CaOCl2 + H2O
In textile industry for bleaching of cotton and linen.
In paper industry for bleaching of wood pulp.
In making wool unshrinkable.
Used as disinfactant and germicide for sterilization of water.
For the manufacture of chloroform.
Used as an oxidizing agent in chemical industry.