The Sainik Schools were established after 1962 and one managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence, as feeder institutions for National Defence Academy, Pune.
They were conceived by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India, to rectify the regional and class imbalance among the Officer cadre of the Indian Military, and to prepare students for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA), Khadakwasla, Pune and Indian Naval Academy.
National Cadet Corps (NCC)
Further, at the school and colleges, the system of NCC was established. The NCC in India was formed with the National Cadet Corps Act of 1948. It was raised on 15 July 1948. It is a Tri-Services organization, comprising the Army, Navy and Air Force, engaged in grooming the youth of the country into disciplined and patriotic citizens.
The National Cadet Corps in India is a voluntary organization, which recruits cadets from high schools, colleges and universities all over India. The Cadets are given basic military training in small arms and parades.
The officers and cadets have no liability for active military service once they complete their course but are given preference over normal candidates during selections based on the achievements in the corps. During the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 and 1971, NCC cadets were responsible for the second line of defence. They organized camps to assist ordnance factories, supplying arms and ammunition to the front and were also used as patrol parties to capture enemy paratroopers.
The NCC cadets also worked hand in hand with the Civil defence authorities and actively took part in rescue works and traffic control. The NCC has a lady's wing, which gives equal opportunity to women to take part in all activities of the NCC.
As with the transformation of the modern army with an air force and naval component and superior weapons, the training also became specialised. Each wing of the armed forces had a set of academies to train their personnel.
Soldier Training: Army has regimental centres where the recruits and soldiers of a regiment are trained. In addition, training academies train personnel in specialised aspects of the respective corps/branch of the army. Unlike the army regimental centres, the Navy and the Air Force have various academies for training their personnel in each of its branch.
Officer Training: Officers of each of the three services undergo basic training after school at The National Defence Academy, Khadakwasala, Pune. Those who graduate from civil colleges are also trained at the Indian Military Academy (IMA) / Naval Academy / Air Force Academy and The Officers Training Academy (OTA).