The Chief of Naval Staff heads the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy has three commands:
- Western Naval Command, Mumbai
- Eastern Naval Command, Vishakhapatnam
- Southern Naval Command, Kochi
Andaman and Nicobar Command, Port Blair is a unified command of all three services Indian Army, Navy and Air Force.
Naval Air Arm
The naval air-arm is an important component of the Indian Navy and it consists of MiG-29K jets and helicopters that operate from aircraft carriers. The Kamov-31 operates from the aircraft carriers and provides airborne early warning cover for the fleet. In the anti-submarine role the Sea King, Ka-28 and the Indian Dhruv are used.
The Boeing P-8, Poseidon and the Ilyushin 38 carry out maritime patrol and reconnaissance operations. The UAV arm consists of the Heron and Searcher-IIs that are operated from both surface ships and shore establishments for surveillance missions.
The rank structure of 'Commissioned officers' is:
ADMIRAL OF THE FLEET → ADMIRAL → VICE ADMIRAL → REAR ADMIRAL → COMMODORE → CAPTAIN → COMMANDER → LIEUTENANT COMMANDER → LIEUTENANT → SUB LIEUTENANT
The rank structure of Junior Commissioned Officers (JCO) is:
MASTER CHIEF PETTY OFFICER FIRST CLASS → MASTER CHIEF PETTY OFFICER SECOND CLASS → CHIEF PETTY OFFICER → PETTY OFFICER → LEADING SEAMAN
Indian Navy has a large operational fleet consisting of a mixture of domestic built and foreign vessels.
- Nuclear-powered submarines
- Conventionally-powered submarines
- Aircraft carriers
- Amphibious warfare ships
- Mine countermeasure vessels
- Torpedo recovery vessels
- Offshore patrol vessels
- Patrol vessels
- Patrol boats
- Replenishment ships
- Research and survey vessels
- Training vessels
Cruise missile systems
- Klub SS-N-27
- Nirbhay cruise missile
- Anti-ship missile system BrahMos
- P-8I Neptune with all-weather, active-radar-homing, over-the-horizon
Ship-launched indigenous missiles
- Prithvi-II (Dhanush) 350 kilometers
- K-15 Sagarika (Oceanic) submarine-launched ballistic missile 700 km