The Chief of Naval Staff heads the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy has three commands:

  1. Western Naval Command, Mumbai
  2. Eastern Naval Command, Vishakhapatnam
  3. Southern Naval Command, Kochi

Andaman and Nicobar Command, Port Blair is a unified command of all three services Indian Army, Navy and Air Force.

Naval Air Arm

The naval air-arm is an important component of the Indian Navy and it consists of MiG-29K jets and helicopters that operate from aircraft carriers. The Kamov-31 operates from the aircraft carriers and provides airborne early warning cover for the fleet. In the anti-submarine role the Sea King, Ka-28 and the Indian Dhruv are used.

The Boeing P-8, Poseidon and the Ilyushin 38 carry out maritime patrol and reconnaissance operations. The UAV arm consists of the Heron and Searcher-IIs that are operated from both surface ships and shore establishments for surveillance missions.

Rank Structure

The rank structure of 'Commissioned officers' is:

ADMIRAL OF THE FLEET → ADMIRAL → VICE ADMIRAL → REAR ADMIRAL → COMMODORE → CAPTAIN → COMMANDER → LIEUTENANT COMMANDER → LIEUTENANT → SUB LIEUTENANT

The rank structure of Junior Commissioned Officers (JCO) is:

MASTER CHIEF PETTY OFFICER FIRST CLASS → MASTER CHIEF PETTY OFFICER SECOND CLASS → CHIEF PETTY OFFICER → PETTY OFFICER → LEADING SEAMAN

Fleet

Indian Navy has a large operational fleet consisting of a mixture of domestic built and foreign vessels.

Submarine fleet

  • Nuclear-powered submarines
  • Conventionally-powered submarines

Surface fleet

  • Aircraft carriers
  • Destroyers
  • Frigates
  • Amphibious warfare ships
  • Corvettes
  • Mine countermeasure vessels
  • Torpedo recovery vessels
  • Offshore patrol vessels
  • Patrol vessels
  • Patrol boats

Auxiliary fleet

  • Replenishment ships
  • Research and survey vessels
  • Training vessels
  • Tugboats

Equipment

Cruise missile systems

  • Klub SS-N-27
  • Nirbhay cruise missile
  • Anti-ship missile system BrahMos

Reconnaissance aircraft

  • P-8I Neptune with all-weather, active-radar-homing, over-the-horizon

Ship-launched indigenous missiles

  • Prithvi-II (Dhanush) 350 kilometers
  • K-15 Sagarika (Oceanic) submarine-launched ballistic missile 700 km

Naval satellite

  • GSAT-7