Transverse and Longitudinal Waves
- Displacements of the particles are perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave.
- Transverse waves look as crests and troughs propagating in the medium.
- Transverse waves can only be transmitted in solids or on the surface of the liquids.
- In case of a transverse wave, the displacement - distance graph gives the actual picture of the wave itself.
- Displacements of the particles are along the direction of propagation of the wave.
- Longitudinal waves give the appearance of alternate compression and rarefaction moving forward.
- Longitudinal waves can travel in solids, liquids and gases.
- In case of longitudinal waves, the graph only represents the displacement of the particles at different points at a given time.