The industrial development in India began with the establishment of first successful modern cotton textile mill at Mumbai in 1854. Since then the industry has witnessed a phenomenal growth.
Cotton textiles has an important place in the economy of the country. It provides employment opportunities to a large number of people.
Cotton textile industry comprises of three sectors - mill sector, handloom and powerloom.
Cotton textile industry is one of the most widely distributed industries in India. But majority of cotton textile mills are located in the cotton growing areas of the great plains and peninsular India. Maharashtra is the leading producer of cotton textile in the country.