Iron and Steel Industry

Iron and steel industry is a basic industry and its products serve as a raw material for a number of other industries. The development of the iron and steel industry opened the doors to rapid industrial development in India.

Modern iron and steel industry started with the establishment of Bengal Iron and Steel Works at Kulti in West Bengal in 1817. Tata Iron and Steel company was established at Jamshedpur in 1907. This was followed by Indian Iron and Steel plant at Burnpur in 1919. All the three plants were established in the private sector. The first public sector iron and steel plant, which is now known as Visvesvarayya Iron and Steel works, was established at Bhadrawati in 1923.

The Indian iron and steel industry consists of large integrated steel plants as well as mini steel mills. It also includes secondary producers, rolling mills and ancillary industries.


The major iron and steel plants of India are situated in the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Integrated Steel Plants

  • Visvesvaraiya Iron and Steel Works Ltd. (VISL)
  • Rourkela Steel Plant
  • Bhilai Steel Plant
  • Durgapur Steel Plant
  • Bokaro Steel Plant