Mountain pass is a connectivity route through the mountain run. It is a gateway to connect different parts of the country, or with neighboring countries. A mountain pass is a route through a mountain range or over a ridge.
1. Nathu La Pass
It is located in the state of Sikkim. This famous pass is located in the India-China border was reopened in 2006. It forms a part of an offshoot of the ancient silk route. It is one of the trading border posts between India and China.
2. Shipki La Pass
Himachal Pradesh – Tibet; It is located through Sutlej Gorge. It connects Himachal Pradesh with Tibet. It is India’s third border post for trade with China after Lipu Lekh and Nathula Pass.
3. Jelep La Pass
Sikkim-Lhasa; This pass passes through the Chumbi valley. It connects Sikkim with Lhasa, the capital of Tibet.
4. Qara Tagh Pass
It is located in the Karakoram Mountains. It was a subsidiary of the ancient silk route.
5. Khardung La
Leh-Siachin Glacier; It is the highest motorable pass in the country. It connects Leh and Siachen glacier. This pass remains closed during the winter.
6. Thang La
It is located in Ladakh. It is the second highest motorable mountain pass in India.
7. Aghil Pass
Ladakh-Xinjiang; It is situated to the North of Mount Godwin-Austen in the Karakoram. It connects Ladakh with Xinjiang province of China. It remains closed during the winter season from November to May.
Ladakh-Tibet; It is a high mountain pass in the Greater Himalayas. It connects Ladakh with Tibet.
9. Lanak La
Ladakh-Lhasa; This is located in the Aksai Chin in Ladakh region. It connects Ladakh and Lhasa. The Chinese authority has built a road to join Xinjiang with Tibet.
10. Imis La
Ladakh-Tibet; The pass has a difficult geographical terrain and steep slopes. This pass remains closed during the winter season.
Himachal Pradesh- Leh-Ladakh; It is situated on the National Highway in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It connects Manali and Leh.
12. Traill’s Pass
It is located in Uttarakhand. It is situated at the end of the Pindari glacier and connects the Pinadri valley to Milam valley. This pass is very steep and rugged.
13. Lipu Lekh
Uttarakhand-Tibet; It is located in Uttarakhand. It connects Uttarakhand with Tibet. This pass is an important border post for the trade with china. The pilgrims for Manasarovar travels through this pass.
14. Mana Pass
Uttarakhand-Tibet; It is located in the Greater Himalayas and connects Tibet with Uttarakhand. It remains under snow for six months during winter.
15. Mangsha Dhura Pass
Uttarakhand-Tibet; The pass which connects Uttarakhand-Tibet is known for landslides. The pilgrims for Manasarovar cross this route.
16. Muling La
Uttarakhand-Tibet; This seasonal pass connects Uttarakhand with Tibet remains snow covered during winter season.
17. Niti Pass
This pass joins Uttarakhand with Tibet. This pass also remains snow covered during the winter season.
18. Debsa Pass
Spiti Valley and Parvati Valley; It joins Spiti Valley and Parvati Valley. It is a high mountain pass in between the Kullu and Spiti of Himachal Pradesh. It is a bypass route of Pin-Parvati Pass.
19. Rohtang Pass
Kullu-Lahul-Spiti; This located in the state of Himachal Pradesh. It has excellent road transportation. This pass connects Kullu, Spiti, and Lahul.
Arunachal Pradesh-Lhasa; The Bomdi-La pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet. It is located in the east of Bhutan.
21. Dihang Pass
Arunachal Pradesh-Mandalay; It is located in the Northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connect Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar (Mandalay).
22. Diphu Pass
Arunachal Pradesh-Mandalay; The Diphu pass also provides easy and an alternate route to Myanmar. This pass remains open throughout the year for the transportation and trade.
Arunachal Pradesh-Myanmar; It located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass remains open throughout a year for transport and trade. This connects Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar.
24. Pangsan Pass
It is located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connects Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.
25. Banihal Pass (Jawahar Tunnel)
Banihal with Qazigund; Banihal pass is a popular pass in Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated in Pir- Panjal Range. It connects Banihal with Qazigund.
26. Zoji La
Srinagar - Kargil & Leh; It connects Srinagar with Kargil and Leh. Beacon Force of Border Road Organization is responsible for clearing and maintaining the road, especially during winter.
27. Burzail Pass
Srinagar- Kishan Ganga Valley; This pass joins the Valley of Kashmir with the Deosai Plains of Ladakh.
28. Pensi La
The Pensi La connects the Kashmir valley with Kargil. It is situated in the Greater Himalayas.
29. Pir-Panjal Pass
It is a traditional pass from Jammu to Srinagar. This pass was closed after the partition. It provides shortest roadway access to Kashmir valley from Jammu.
30. Shencotta Gap
Madurai-Kottayam; It is located in the Western Ghats. It joins the Madurai city in Tamil Nadu with Kottayam district in Kerala.