Marine transport in India is managed by both the Central and the State governments. While the Ministry of Shipping administers the major ports, the minor and intermediate ports are controlled by the respective State government.
The nine Indian states near the coastal lines - Goa, Karnataka, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Odisha and West Bengal are home to all major and minor ports of India. The extended coastline of India forms one of the giant portions of land into a body of water.
India has 13 major ports which handle a huge volume of cargo traffic and container traffic. Out of them, the Kandla, Mumbai, JNPT, Mangalore, Mormugao Port, and Cochin are situated at western coast while Paradip, Chennai, Vishakhapatnam, Tuticorin, Kolkata, and Ennore are located on Eastern Coast. Port Blair is located in Andaman and Nicobar islands.
|Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||Artificial PortSecond busiest port|
|Western Coast||Kerala||Kochi||Sited in the Vembanad lake
Exports of spices and salts
|Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu||Ennore||India’s First corporatized port|
|Eastern Coast||West Bengal||Haldia||Riverine portsSituated on Hugli river
Known as Diamond Harbour
|Western Coast||Gujarat||Kandla||Known as Tidal Port
Acknowledged as Trade Free Zone
Largest port by volume of cargo handled.
|Western Coast||Karnataka||Mangalore||Deals with the iron ore exports|
|Western Coast||Goa||Marmagoa||Situated on the estuary of the river Juari|
|Western Coast||Maharashtra||Mumbai||Largest Natural Port and harbor In IndiaBusiest port in India|
|Western Coast||Maharashtra||Jawaharlal Nehru Port||Largest Artificial Port|
|Eastern Coast||Odisha||Paradip||Natural Harbor
deals with the export of iron and aluminum
|Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu||Tutikorin||Major port in south India
deals with the fertilizers and petrochemical products
|Eastern Coast||Andhra Pradesh||Vishakapatnam||Deepest port of India
deals with the export of iron ore to JapanAmenities of building and fixing of ships are available
|Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||Artificial port|