There are many tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world.

Nagpur - Tiger Capital of India

The city of orange, ‘Nagpur is also known as the ‘Tiger Gateway of India’ or ‘Tiger Capital’ of India. There are 13 tiger reserves in this Vidharbha (including the Nagpur division of eastern) alone. The national parks around Nagpur include: Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary, Pench National Park, Nagzira-Navegaon Tiger Reserve, Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve, Melghat Tiger Reserve and Bor Tiger Reserve. The Climatic condition of this forested region is very appropriate for tiger conservation.

List of Tiger Reserves in India

S. No. State Name of Tiger Reserve
1 Andhra Pradesh Nagarjunsagar Srisailam
2 Arunachal Pradesh Namdapha National Park
3 Arunachal Pradesh Kamlang Tiger Reserve
4 Arunachal Pradesh Pakke Tiger Reserve
5 Assam Manas Tiger Reserve
6 Assam Nameri National Park
7 Assam  Orang Tiger Reserve           
8 Assam Kaziranga National Park
9 Bihar Valmiki National Park
10 Chhattisgarh Udanti-Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary
11 Chhattisgarh Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary
12 Chhattisgarh Indravati Tiger Reserve
13 Jharkhand Palamau Tiger Reserve
14 Karnataka Bandipur Tiger Reserve
15 Karnataka Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
16 Karnataka Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve
17 Karnataka Nagarahole National Park
18 Karnataka Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Tiger reserve 
19 Kerala Periyar Tiger reserve
20 Kerala Parambikulam Tiger reserve
21 Madhya Pradesh Kanha Tiger reserve
22 Madhya Pradesh Pench Tiger reserve
23 Madhya Pradesh Bandhavgarh Tiger reserve
24 Madhya Pradesh Panna Tiger reserve
25 Madhya Pradesh Satpura Tiger reserve
26 Madhya Pradesh Sanjay-Dubri Tiger reserve
27 Maharashtra Melghat Tiger reserve
28 Maharashtra Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve
29 Maharashtra Pench Tiger Reserve
30 Maharashtra Sahyadri Tiger Reserve
31 Maharashtra Nagzira Tiger Reserve
32 Maharashtra Bor Tiger Reserve
33 Mizoram Dampa Tiger Reserve
34 Odisha Similipal Tiger Reserve
35 Odisha Satkosia Tiger Reserve
36 Rajasthan Ranthambore Tiger Reserve
37 Rajasthan Sariska Tiger Reserve
38 Rajasthan Mukandra Hills Tiger Reserve
39 Tamil Nadu Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
40 Tamil Nadu   Anamalai Tiger Reserve (Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park)
41 Tamil Nadu Mudumalai Tiger Reserve
42 Tamil Nadu Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve
43 Telangana Kawal  Tiger Reserve
44 Telangana Amrabad Tiger Reserve
45 Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa Tiger Reserve
46 Uttar Pradesh Pilibhit Tiger Reserve
47 Uttar Pradesh Amangarh Tiger Reserve (buffer zone of Corbett Tiger Reserve)
48 Uttarakhand Jim Corbett National Park
49 Uttarakhand Rajaji Tiger Reserve
50 West Bengal Sunderban National Park
51 West Bengal Buxa Tiger Reserve

Declining of Tiger Population

According to IUCN Red list, the tiger is listed as an endangered animal. The major threat faced by this species are Poaching, destruction of habitat, insufficient prey, etc. the tigers are killed for skins, bones and meat.

  1. Man - animal conflict
  2. Hunting, poaching and illegal trade
  3. Habitat and loss of prey species

Man - animal conflict

Due to the anthropogenic activities, the tiger population has lost its habitat. The loss of habitat resulted in the reduction of their prey species. They started coming out of the forest and come to the village in search of prey. Tiger those who came in search of its prey they attacked domestic animals, and human beings. In vengeance, tigers are often killed by angry human beings.

Hunting, illegal trade and poaching

Hunting of tigers is a huge issue faced by tiger population from the ancient time. Hunting stands as a symbol of status. The people used the bones, teeth of the tiger and used as jewelry also. This has been done for illegal trade also. The body parts of used for the medicinal purpose also. This has caused the utmost decline in tiger populations until the 1930s. Poaching is the next threat to the left over tiger population.

Anthropogenic Activities

The anthropogenic destructive activities have caused the devastation of habitat and prey species are the main long-term threats to the continuation of the declining tiger population in the country.

Different anthropogenic activities also pose a threat to the tiger. Man and animals are in competition for finding their own habitat. Tigers need large territories. Along with the habitat, tigers have also experienced a severe loss of prey species populations such as antelopes and deer. The man has acquired the forest land to human settlements and industrial activities. This has ultimately resulted in completed destruction of animal habitat. The same affected the climatic condition, harmony and poses threat to the existence of human beings. The Ken-Betwa River interlinking project which intends to irrigate the drought-hit Bundelkhand region has also a reason for declining the number of Tiger population in India. According to the wildlife experts, the Panna Tiger Reserve which located near this place will have a greater impact due to the project.