A wetlandis an area of land where soil is saturated with moisture either permanently or seasonally. Such areas may also be covered partially or completely by shallow pools of water. Wetlands include swamps, marshes, and bogs, among others. The water found in wetlands can be saltwater, freshwater, and brackish.

Plant life found in wetlands includes mangrove, water lilies, cattails, sedges, tamarack, black spruce, cypress, gum, and many others. Animal life includes many different amphibians, reptiles, birds, insects, and mammals.

Wetlands in India

  • Ashtamudi, Kerala
  • Bhitarkanika Mangroves, Odisha
  • Chilika Lake, Odisha
  • East Calcutta Wetlands, West Bengal
  • Kolleru Lake, Andhra Pradesh
  • Loktak Lake, Manipur
  • Point Calimere, Tamil Nadu
  • Pong Dam Lake, Himachal Pradesh
  • Sambhar lake, Rajasthan
  • Tsomoriri, Jammu & Kashmir
  • Upper Ganga canal, Uttar Pradesh
  • Vembanad-Kol Wetland, Kerala
  • Wular Lake, Jammu & Kashmir
  • Harike Lake, Punjab
  • Bhoj Wetland, Madhya Pradesh