Contractions

Contractions are short forms which are used very often in spoken English and in informal writing.An apostrophe (') is inserted in place of the letter which is omitted.

Examples

I am sorry, I am late.

I’m sorry, I’m late.

He has come to take her books.

He’s come to take her books.

She was late in submitting her assignment, was she not?

She was late in submitting her assignment, wasn’t she?

Rules

combining a noun or pronoun + verb

  • she/ he is: she’s /he’s
  • I am: I’m
  • you are: you’re
  • we are: we’re
  • they are: they’re
  • they will: they’ll
  • she/he will: she’ll/he’ll
  • cannot: can’t
  • shall not: shan’t
  • will not: won’t
  • could not: couldn’t

But in the question forms, where there is a pronoun in the middle of the ‘verb’ and ‘not’, the position of the pronoun gets shifted to the end.

  • did she/he not: didn’t she/he?
  • does she/he not: doesn’t she/he?
  • will she/he not: won’t she/he?
  • would she/he not: wouldn’t she/he?
  • can she/he not: can’t she/he?
  • could she/he not: couldn’t she/he?
  • was she/he not: wasn’t she/he?
  • were they not: weren’t they?