Regular and Irregular Verbs

Verbs can be classified as regular verbs and irregular verbs.

Regular Verbs

To form simple past tense verbs from simple present tense verbs, just add "-d" or "-ed" to the verb.


  • shock + ed = shocked
  • call + ed= called
  • reach + ed = reached
  • shout + ed = shouted
  • walk + ed = walked
  • enjoy + ed = enjoyed
  • ask + ed = asked
  • live + d = lived
  • dive + d = dived
  • like + d = liked

These verbs are regular verbs because they have "-d" or "-ed" endings as a regular feature in the past tense.

Irregular Verbs

They do not end in "-d" or "-ed". In some verbs there is a change in spellings in the past tense.


Simple Present Tense Simple Past Tense
take took
throw threw
catch caught
run ran
hear heard
bring brought
deal dealt
bind bound
hide  hid 
go went
think thought
hold held
give gave
draw drew
forgive forgave
drive drove
meet met
swim swam
shake shook
ring rang
bear bore
lead led
write wrote
eat ate

Some verbs remain the same in the past tense as they are in the present tense.

Examples: put, let, cut