Age-sex pyramid refers to the composition of population in terms of the age and sex of people. It gives an indication regarding the growth rate of population and the nature of population in terms of working and non-working sections.
As per the census of India 2001, children up to 14 years of age account for 35.3% of the total population. The age group of 15-59 years accounts for 56.9% of total population and the age group of 60 years and above for 7.4% of population. The age structure has been under going some gradual changes during the recent decades.
One of the trends is that proportion of the younger population i.e. in the age group of 0-14 years is declining and the percentage of persons on the working age group, i.e. 15 to 59 age group as well as old age population i.e. 60 years and above is increasing. But in 2001 Census, the percentage of persons in the age group of 15-59 declined from 57.7% in 1991 to 56.9% in 2001 Census.
However, the proportion of people in old age group has increased from 6.6% in 1991 to 7.4% in 2001 census. The proportion of young population i.e. 0-14 years declined from 36.5% in 1991 to 35.3% in 2001 census.