Dry Tropical Vegetation

This type of vegetation is divided into two groups.

A. Dry Tropical Deciduous Vegetation

Dry Tropical Deciduous Vegetation is found in regions receiving annual rainfall between 70 to 100 cm. These regions include parts of Uttar Pradesh, northern and western Madhya Pradesh, parts of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. These areas experience a long dry season and a moderate rainfall limited at best to four months.

The important characteristics of this vegetation are:

Stretches of open grass are most common between group of trees. Teak is the dominant tree of this type of vegetation.

The trees shed their leaves during the long dry season.

B. Dry Tropical Thorny Vegetation

Dry Tropical Thorny Vegetation is found in areas receiving annual rainfall less than 70 cm. These areas include north and northwestern parts of India and leeward side of the Sahyadris.

The important characteristics of this type of vegetation are:

  1. Vast, poor and coarse grasslands are interspersed with widely spaced trees and bushes.
  2. Acacia, euphorbias, cactus, etc. are true representatives of this type of vegetation. Wild palm and spiny and thorny varieties are also found here and there.