Himadri (Greater Himalaya)

This is the northern most and the highest range of the Himalayas. This is the only range of the Himalaya which maintains its continuity from west to east. The core of this range is made up of granite rocks and flanked by metamorphic and sedimentary rocks.

The extent of this range is between the Nanga Parbat peak (8126 m) in the west and Namcha Barva peak (7756 m) in the east. The average height of this range from sea level is about 6100 metres. Over 100 peaks have a height of more than the average height of the range.

The highest peak of the world, Mount Everest, (8848 m) is situated in this range. Kanchenjunga, Makalu, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna are some of the other peaks having a height of more than 8000 metres. Kanchenjunga is the highest peak of Himalayas in India.

The Himadri range is snow clad throughout the year. There are a number of large and small glaciers. After melting of snow and ice, their water falls in the rivers of northern India making them perennial throughout the year. Gangotri and Yamunotri are good examples of such glaciers.

The Himadri range can be crossed through some passes like Zojila, Shipkila, Niti, Nathula, etc.