Indian Islands

There are two small groups of islands. One of these situated in the Bay of Bengal, off the coast of Myanmar is known as the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The other is known as Lakshadweep and situated in Arabian Sea, off the coast of Kerala.

The Andaman Islands consists of (i) North, (ii) Middle, (iii) South and (iv) Little Andaman Islands. Port Blair is the capital city of the entire Union Territory and is located in South Andaman Island. This island group is separated by the Ten Degree Channel.

To its south are situated the Nicobar Islands. They include Car Nicobar, Little Nicobar and Great Nicobar Islands from north to south. The southern most point of the Indian Union lies in Great Nicobar Island and has been named after Indira Gandhi. These islands represent a submerged chain of mountains.

The Barren Island in the Andamans is India’s only active volcano. These islands act as a naval and air outpost of our country in view of its strategic location. This island group faces seven countries - Bangaladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Sri Lanka.

Lakshadweep Islands are situated in the Arabian Sea, off the coast of Kerala. All these islands are of coral origin. They have been built up by corals, the microscopic polyps. All these islands are very small in size. The largest island among these, the Minicoy, has an area of 4.5 square km only. Kavaratti is the capital city of this island group.

Summary

  • The West Coastal plains extend along the Arabian Sea coast.
  • The East Coastal Plains extend along the coast of the Bay of Bengal.
  • The East Coastal Plains are broader than the West Coastal Plains.
  • Lakshadweep Islands are situated in the Arabian Sea, off the coast of Kerala and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands are situated in the bay of Bengal, off the coast of Myanmar. Their location is highly strategic.