Moist Tropical Deciduous Vegetation

This is the most wide spread vegetal cover of India. This type of vegetation is found in areas receiving annual rainfall of 100 to 200 cm. These include the Sahyadris, the northeastern plateau of the peninsula, the Himalayan foot hills in the Siwaliks, the bhabars and terai.

The important characteristics of this vegetation are:

  1. The trees shed their leaves once in a year in dry season.
  2. This is a typical monsoon vegetation consisting of larger number of commercially important species than the evergreen forests.
  3. Teak, sal, sandalwood, shisham, cane and bamboo are important trees of these forests.
  4. Large scale cutting of trees for timber has depleted these forests hopelessly.