There are various problems posed by mineral extraction.
Due to the excessive exploitation, many minerals are going to be depleted in near future. So it calls for conservation and judicious utilisation.
Mineral extraction has led to serious environmental problems. Rapidly growing mining activity has rendered large agricultural tracts almost useless.
Natural vegetation has been removed from vast tracts. Such areas suffer from frequent floods and for want of proper drainage, they have become breeding grounds for mosquitoes spreading malaria with vengeance. In hilly mining areas landslide are a common phenomenon taking toll of life, cattle and property.
In many mines, miners have to work under most hazardous conditions. Hundreds of lives are lost each year by fire in coal mines and due to occasional flooding etc. Occurrence of poisonous gas in pockets of mines is a great enemy of miners.
Many mineral producing areas lead to air and water pollution in the surrounding region which in turn lead to various health hazards.
New discoveries of minerals often lead to displacement of people. As many tribal areas are rich in minerals, the tribal people are most affected. Industrialisation of such areas has badly shattered their economy, values and life style.