Sugarcane is the native plant of India. The country has the largest area under this crop in the world. It requires a hot and humid climate. Irrigation facility is required if rainfall is not enough.
Fertile loamy and black soils are ideal for this crop. Sugarcane is cultivated in two belts:
More than 60 per cent of the total area under sugarcane is found in the North Plains. The yield per unit area of sugarcane in South India is higher than in the North India.
The leading producers of sugarcane are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. During 2000-2001, about 300 lakh tonnes of sugarcane was produced in India which is the highest in the world. Efforts are being made to increase production of sugarcane by developing hybrid varieties. The Sugarcane Research Institute at Coimbatore is engaged in its research.