Fundamental Duties

Rights and Duties are two sides of a coin. There are no rights without duties, no duties without rights. In fact, rights are born in a world of Duties. The original Constitution enforced in 1950, did not mention Fundamental Duties of the citizens. It was hoped that citizens would perform their duties willingly. But, 42nd Amendment to the Constitution added a new list of 10 duties in chapter IV under Article 51A of the Constitution.

Duties Enlisted

  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect our National Flag and National Anthem.
  2. To follow the noble ideals that inspired our national freedom movement.
  3. To protect the unity and integrity of India.
  4. To defend the country when the need arises.
  5. To promote harmony and brotherhood among all sections of the people and to respect the dignity of women.
  6. To preserve our rich heritage and composite culture.
  7. To protect and improve our natural environment including forests, rivers, lakes and wildlife.
  8. To develop scientific outlook and humanism.
  9. To protect public property and not to use violence.
  10. To strive for excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity.

New Addition

A parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education of his child or as the case may be ward between the age of six and fourteen years.