United Nations Peace Activities

The United Nations was created to work for peace in all parts of the world. In fact, peace is its topmost aim. United Nations is today the most important organisation dedicated to world peace. Many organs of the United Nations work for peace.

The efforts of Security Council the General Assembly and the Secretary General are notable. There have been more than 300 wars after the Second World War, but after United Nations third world war has not occurred.

Mediation Activities

It is an activity undertaken by a country or an organization or individual to help resolve a problem.

  • The mediator is not directly connected to the dispute or problem.
  • The mediator must be friendly and impartial with the quarrelling countries.
  • The mediation starts only when parties to a problem agree.
  • The mediator aims to bring parties face to face for talks or help them in identifying areas of agreement.
  • It is a painstaking and skilled job for which United Nations has gained much experience.

Binding Sanctions

In case countries ignore the advice of the United Nations and become a threat to world peace, the Security Council has the power to impose sanctions against a threatening country or government. 

  • These non-military sanctions, when decided by the Security Council are to be compulsorily implemented by all member countries of the United Nations.
  • Sanctions are strong steps taken to isolate and punish a country that becomes a menace to peace.

Disarmament Activities

  • The production and stockpiling of weapons of mass destruction would ensure peace by deterring the opponent.
  • Far from securing peace these weapons have made the world a dangerous place to live in.
  • Nuclear and other dangerous weapons threaten the very survival of mankind.
  • Equally important disarmament offers the possibility of diverting huge funds from the arms production for improving the living conditions of the poor and needy people of the world.
  • The UN General Assembly convened three special sessions to focus world attention on the need for disarmament. Those sessions, mobilised world opinion to press reduction of nuclear and conventional weapons.
  • UN efforts in disarmament led to banning of landmines and prohibition and destruction of existing stocks of chemical weapons under international supervision.
  • UN also made progress in removing several lakhs of landmines in Asia and Africa, supervising elimination of existing stocks of chemical weapons.
  • UN played its part in destruction of chemical and biological weapons of Iraq in 1990s.