74th Constitutional Amendment, 1992

The 74th Constitutional Amendment Act 1992 brought about significant changes in the structure and functioning of urban local government.

  • constitution of urban local bodies (Municipal Corporation, Municipal Council, and Nagar Panchayat) in every Indian State
  • constitution of Wards Committees within the territorial area of a municipality, to ensure people’s participation in civic affairs at the grass-root level
  • regular and fair conduct of municipal elections by State Election Commissions
  • provision for super session of municipal governments for not more than 6 months
  • adequate representation of weaker sections (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes) of the society and women in municipal governments through reservation of seats
  • specification by law, through the State Legislatures, of the powers (including financial) and functional responsibilities to be entrusted to municipalities and wards committees
  • constitution of State Finance Commissions, once in every 5 years, to review the financial position of municipalities and to make recommendations on the measures needed to improve their financial position
  • constitution of a District Planning Committee at the district level and a Metropolitan Planning Committee in metropolitan areas of every State, for the preparation and consolidation of development plans