Questions on Governance at Union Level

1. How is the President of India elected?

The President is indirectly elected by an Electoral College which consists of the elected members of the two Houses of the Parliament as well as of the State Legislative Assemblies. Moreover, the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry also participate in this election. The voting is by secret ballot. He or She is elected according to the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

2. Fill in the blanks:

(i) The President is Head ......

(ii) In order to be qualified for election as President, a person must: (a) ...... (b) ...... (c) ...... 

(iii) In the event of a vacancy in the office of the President, ...... shall act as the President of India

(iv) The four major categories of powers of the President are (a) ...... (b) ...... (c) ...... and (d) ......

  1. of the State
  2. (a) be a citizen of India (b) have completed the age of 35 years (c) be qualified for being elected as a Member of Lok Sabha (d) not hold any office of profit
  3. the Vice President of India
  4. (a) Executive Powers (b) Legislative Powers (c) Financial Powers (d) Judicial Powers

3. How is the second category of emergency proclaimed? What is its impact on the State?

The second type of emergency is proclaimed when the constitutional machinery of any State breaks down and the President is satisfied on the basis of the report of the Governor or otherwise that the State cannot be administered in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. During this period the concerned State Assembly is either dissolved or remains suspended. The Governor of the State performs all the executive functions in the name of the President.

4. What is the role of the Cabinet headed by the Prime minister in the proclamation of emergency?

The Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister plays an important role in the proclamation of emergency. The President can issue a proclamation only when such a decision has been communicated to him/her in writing by the Union Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister.

5. Which of the following statements are true and which are false?

  1. President is the real head of government.
  2. The President is just a 'rubber stamp'.
  3. The President neither rules nor reigns.
  4. The President preserves, protects and defends the Constitution.

(a) false (b) true (c) true (d) true

6. Fill in the blanks:

(a) The Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister is the ......

(b) The President should invite the person who is elected as ...... of the ...... to become the Prime Minister.

(c) The Prime Minister is the ...... head of the ......

(d) The Ministers are appointed by the President on the recommendations of the ......

  1. real executive
  2. leader, majority
  3. real, government
  4. Prime Minister

7. How are the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers dislodged before the completion of their term?

If Lok Sabha passes a no-confidence motion against the Council of Ministers.

8. Who acts as a link between the Council of Ministers and the President?

Prime Minister

9. What are the three categories of the Ministers in the Council of Ministers?

Cabinet Minister, Minister of State, Deputy Minister

10. Who presides over the meetings of the Cabinet?

Prime Minister

11. What is the maximum strength of the Lok Sabha?

550

12. What is the tenure of the members of Rajya Sabha?

6 years

13. Which house of Parliament is a permanent body?

Rajya Sabha

14. Who is the Chairman of Rajya Sabha?

Vice President of India

15. What are the functions of the Speaker of Lok Sabha?

to preside over the sessions, maintain order and discipline, to allow members to speak, to decide if a bill is a money bill and to preside over the joint session of Parliament

16. What are the qualifications for being a candidate in the Lok Sabha elections?

(i) a citizen of India (ii) of at least 25 years of age (iii) not hold an office of profit

17. Fill in the blanks:

(a) An Ordinary Bill can be introduced in ......

(b) If the differences between both the Houses continue, the President convenes a ...... session of Parliament.

(c) A money bill can be introduced only in the ......

(d) For having a control over the Council of Ministers, both Houses can (i) ...... and (ii) move ...... motions.

  1. any House of Parliament
  2. joint
  3. Lok Sabha
  4. (i) ask questions and supplementary questions, (ii) adjournment motion and calling attention

18. Which of the following statements is true and which is false:

  1. Ordinary bill cannot be introduced in the Rajya Sabha.
  2. Money bill can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha.
  3. No bill can become a law unless it is signed by the President.
  4. In the joint session convened on account of the differences between two houses on a bill, Lok Sabha has an upper hand over the Rajya Sabha.

(i) false (ii) true (iii) true (iv) true

19. Fill in the blanks:

(i) India has a ...... judiciary.

(ii) The Chief Justice and Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by ......

(iii) A Judge of the Supreme Court can be removed through the process of ......

(iv) The ultimate power of interpreting the Indian Constitution lies with the ......

  1. unified
  2. the President of India
  3. impeachment
  4. the Supreme Court

20. Which of the following statements is true and which one false?

(i) The Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the Chief Justice of India

(ii) The Supreme Court has a Chief Justice and 30 Judges.

(iii) Judges of Supreme Court hold office till they attain the age of 65 years.

(iv) Judicial activism has concentrated on giving the disadvantaged the access to justice.

(v) The President of India must accept the advice given by the Supreme Court on the matter that was referred to it by the President for advice.

  1. false
  2. true
  3. true
  4. true
  5. true