Questions on India - A Welfare State

1. What do you mean by the term welfare state?

A welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of economic and social well-being of its citizens. It is based on the principles of equality of opportunity and equitable distribution of wealth.

2. Why did Constitution-makers decide that India would be a welfare state?

When India attained independence, it had innumerable problems and challenges. There were social inequalities and all the vulnerable sections of the society such as women, dalits, children were deprived of basic means of living. The Constitution makers were very much aware of the problems. Which is why, they decided that India would be a welfare state.

3. Name at least two sections of Indian society that were adversely affected by prevailing social inequalities.

Women and Dalits

4. Fill in the blanks:

  1. The Directive Principles of State Policy are aimed at making India a ...... state.
  2. These principles are guidelines to ...... of India, to be kept in mind while framing laws and policies.
  3. The idea of Directive Principles is said to be borrowed from the constitution of ......
  4. The directive principles are related to ......

(a) Welfare

(b) Central and state governments

(c) Ireland

(d) Social and economic rights

5. Do you think the Indian Constitution would have failed to reflect the basic tenets of democracy, if it would not have included the Directive Principles of State Policy? Give reasons.

Yes . The main aim of the Directive Principles of State Policy is to create social and economic conditions under which all the citizens can lead a good life. In other words it is to establish social and economic democracy in the country.

6. Mention the major categories of Directive Principles of State Policy.

We classify Directive Principles of State Policy under the following specific categories:

  1. Principles promoting social and economic equality
  2. Principles related to Gandhian thought
  3. Principles related to International peace and security
  4. Miscellaneous Principles

7. Name the Constitutional Amendments that (a) ensures the provision for free and compulsory education for children of 6-14 years; and (b) ensures protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life.

(a) The Eighty Sixth Constitutional Amendment

(b) The Forty Second Constitutional Amendment