Newly formed groups show different behaviors than groups that have been together for sometime. This is because a group progresses through reversal stages of development. Groups progress through the following stages:
- Initial integration
1. Forming Stage
When a group is formed, a number of issues are decided. Before joining a group, people ask various questions including Who can become a member? What are the roles one has to play as members? What the group can offer me? How can I contribute to the group? In the first stage the group defines its behavior for the members and finalise the goals of the group.
2. Storming Stage
In this stage members feel comfortable to express their feelings. Differences in attitudes and needs are widely noticed during this stage. The internal and external demands create conflicts among the members. If conflicts are ignored, members develop bitterness and that may damage the group’s ability to perform.
3. Initial Integration Stage
The members in this stage develop an initial sense of closeness and belonging. By this stage the rules are finalised which till the way group members will operate. The members in this stage start co-operating to each other.
4. Performing Stage
In this stage, the group starts functioning as an effective unit. By this stage the group members learn well as to how to get along with each other. The roles of members are decided and the leadership issues are settled by now. The group starts pursuing its goals. Most of the members at this stage are satisfied with the group.