Studying of a topic can be facilitated if you realize that effort and motivation both are important. In order to gain more while preparing a topic or studying some thing you need to attend to the following points.

  1. Study at a Specific Place: You must study in a quiet, well-lighted area free of disturbance. If possible, you should also have at least one place where you only study. Do nothing else at the spot: Keep magazines, radios, friends, and other distractions out of that area. In this way, studying will become strongly linked with one specific place. Once there, you’ll find it relatively easy to get started.

  2. Organize Your Study through Spaced Sessions: It is quite reasonable to review intensely before an exam. However, if you are actually learning some topic for the first time you are asking for trouble. It has been found that spaced practice is a more efficient way to study. It involves a large number of relatively short study sessions, rather than one or two long ones (called massed practice).

  3. Use Memory Aids: Psychologists have found many techniques useful for improving memory. Most of them link new information to certain ideas or images that are easy to remember.

  4. Try to Test Yourself: When studying you can arrange to take several practice tests before the real one in examination. In other words, studying should indicate self-testing by use of flash cards, learning checks, a study guide or questions you ask yourself.

  5. Over Learning: It has been found that many students under-prepare for exams, and most overestimate how well they will do in exams. A solution to both problems is over-learning. To over-learn, you should continue studying beyond bare mastery of a topic. This means that you need to give yourself time for extra study and review after you think you are prepared for a test.

  6. Avoid procrastination: A tendency to procrastinate is almost universal. Procrastinators put off work until the last moment. They work only under pressure, skip classes and give false reasons for late work. This has negative effect on learning and performance. Use of a formal time schedule and setting up specific goals may help to study more effectively.