Jawaharlal Nehru was a great Indian of the last century, next only to Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation. As Independent India’s first Prime Minister for seventeen long formative and eventful years, he has left a lasting impression on the country and the world. He was respectfully called ‘Panditji’. Nehru believed in a strong, united, industrialized and modern India.
On 23rd March, 1931, Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru and Sukhdev were hanged to death. They were given the death sentence in the Lahore conspiracy case. The British Governor-General promulgated an ordinance to establish a special tribunal to try the Lahore conspiracy case, while denying the accused the right to appeal. By all accounts, it was farcical Trial.
The life of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was marked by struggles but he proved that every hurdle in life can be surmounted with talent and firm determination. The biggest barrier in his life was the caste system adopted by the Hindu society according to which the family he was born in was considered ‘untouchable’.
Bishwanath Roy was a visionary leader and freedom fighter, who remained a member of the Lok Sabha for 25 years, from 1952 to 1977. He is best known for his deep commitment to the cause of agriculture and farmers. His published works are ‘Rashtriya Gadar’ and ‘Kranti Vad’.
Mirza Asadullah Khan surnamed Ghalib was a born poet who not only wrote thoughtful poetry but also thought poetically. Known for its exceptional tenderness and sensibility, Ghalib rose above the poets of his age and thought ahead of his times. Ghalib believed that the ideals of culture did not lie in the isolation of freedom, but on the inter-dependence of individuals and societies in all spheres of thought and action.
C. Subramaniya Bharathiyar was a poet, freedom fighter and social reformer from Tamil Nadu. He was known as Mahakavi Bharathiyar and the laudatory epithet Mahakavi means a great poet. He is considered as one of India’s greatest poets. His songs on nationalism and freedom of India helped to rally the masses to support the Indian Independence Movement in Tamil Nadu.
One of the legendary triumvirate – Lal-Bal-Pal (Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal) of India’s freedom movement against the British colonial rule, Lala Lajpat Rai was a multi-faceted personality and led a life of ceaseless activity dedicated to a self-less service to the nation.
India’s fight against colonial rule was a long and difficult one. Apart from the need to overcome the brutality of an alien regime, the national leaders of the time had the daunting challenge of preparing the poor and disorganized people of our sub-continent for this fight. The most significant aspect of our struggle against foreign domination was the ability of our leaders to lift the people out of their ignorance and the resultant resurgence of the idea of an Indian nation.
Alluri Seetharama Raju was one of the greatest sons that India produced. He laid down his life to break the shackles of the mother land. The awe-inspiring heroics of Rama Raju still inspire Telugus. Though his battle with the British lasted only for two years, he made an indelible mark in the history of the Indian Freedom Struggle and found a permanent place in the hearts of the countrymen.
In the mid-1870s a light complexioned and handsomely built man in his 30s could be seen running through the streets of Pune with a thali (plate) and ladle in his hands. Striking the thali with the ladle, he would announce his forthcoming speaking engagement. “All should come to Shaniwar-wada grounds this evening”, he would call. “Our country must be free. The Englishmen must be driven out. The ways and means of doing it, I shall explain in my speech”.
Swami Vivekananda, one of the greatest sons of India is always remembered all over the world for his address at the World’s Parliament of Religions held at Chicago in 1893, which made the western intelligentsia to turnaround to recognise the great culture and tradition India had since time immemorial. His speeches at the World’s Parliament of Religions made him famous as an ‘orator by divine right’ and as a ‘Messenger of Indian wisdom to the Western world’. After the Parliament, he spent nearly three and a half years, spreading Vedanta philosophy as taught and practised by Sri Ramakrishna Paramhans, mostly in the eastern parts of USA and London.
Jamini Roy (1887 – 1972) was one of the earliest and most significant modernists of 20th century Indian art who played a prominent role in breaking away from the art practices of his time. His career spanning over nearly six decades had many significant turning points showcasing the versatility in his visual language.
Shri Motilal Nehru (6 May, 1861 - 6 February, 1931) was one of the most eminent figures of modern India. He was associated with the Indian National Congress in its early years and after he was elected to the Provincial Legislative Council in 1910 his sphere of public activity both inside and outside the legislature increased considerably.
Chittaranjan Das (1870-1925), whose life is a landmark in the history of India's struggle for freedom, was endearingly called 'Deshbandhu' (Friend of the country). Born on November 5, 1870 in Calcutta, he belonged to an upper middle class Vaidya family of Telirbagh in the then Dacca district. His father, Bhuban Moban Das, was a reputed solicitor of the Calcutta High Court. An ardent member of the Brahmo Samaj, he was also well-known for his intellectual and Journalistic pursuits.