Articles

World Tribes

The following table enlists major tribes (of the world) and their geographical location:

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India Tribes

The following table enlists major tribes and their geographical location of India (state-wise):

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National Parks of India

  • National Parks in India are the protected areas where hunting, poaching, tree cutting, wandering, etc. are strictly prohibited.

  • The first National Park in India is established in 1936 namely Hailey National Park, which now known as Jim Corbett National Park (Uttarakhand).

  • Following is the list of all major National Parks of India:

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Other Sources of Energy in India

Solar Energy

  • India is one of the leading Solar Energy producing countries in the world.

  • By the time, the total installed grid connected solar power capacity is (about) 7,568 MW; however, the proposed target is 100,000 MW that set to achieve by 2022.

  • With the total production of 1285.932 MW, Rajasthan is ranked first, followed by Tamil Nadu (1267 MW), Gujarat (1120 MW), and Andhra Pradesh (864 MW).

Tidal Energy

  • India is estimated to have a potential of 40 to 60 GW of Wave Energy all around its coastal area.

  • Sagar Shakthi is a 1 MW OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) plant built off the Tuticorn coast.

  • Located at Borya and Budhal villages in the coastal region of Ratnagiri district, are the major tidal energy plants in Maharashtra.

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Geothermal Power Plants in India

  • Geothermal energy is thermal energy, which is generated through the natural hot springs.

  • In India, by the time, geothermal energy installed capacity is experimental; however, the potential capacity is more than 10,000 MW.

  • Following are the six most promising geothermal energy sites in India −

    • Tattapani in Chhattisgarh

    • Puga in Jammu & Kashmir

    • Cambay Graben in Gujarat

    • Manikaran in Himachal Pradesh

    • Surajkund in Jharkhand

    • Chhumathang in Jammu & Kashmir

  • Following are the six major geothermal provinces in India

    • Himalayan Province e.g. Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, etc.

    • Areas of Faulted blocks e.g. Aravalli belt, Naga-Lushi, West coast regions and Son-Narmada lineament.

    • Volcanic Arc e.g. Andaman and Nicobar Arc (Barren Island).

    • Deep sedimentary basin of Tertiary age e.g. Cambay basin in Gujarat.

    • Radioactive Province e.g. Surajkund, Hazaribagh, and Jharkhand.

    • Cratonic Province e.g. Peninsular India.

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Wind Power Plants in India

  • In 1986, the first wind power is set up at Ratnagiri in Maharashtra, Okha in Gujarat, and Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu.

  • With the swift development (of wind power in India), at present, India is the fourth largest wind power installed country in the world.

  • With the total capacity of 7455.2 MW, Tamil Nadu is the largest producer of Wind Energy followed by Maharashtra (4450.8 MW), Gujarat (3645.4 MW), and Rajasthan (3307.2 MW).

  • Following are the major Wind Power Plants (producing more than 50 MW) in India:

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Hydro Power Plants in India

  • With the total capacity of 47,057 MW, India is the seventh largest producer of Hydroelectric energy in the world.

  • Following are the major Hydro Power Plants (producing more than 100 MW) in India:

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Thermal Power Plants in India

  • Thermal power is the biggest source of power in India.

  • More than 70% of total energy consumed in India is shared by thermal power.

  • Following are the major Thermal Power Plants (producing more than 1,500 MW) in India:

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Nuclear Power Plants in India

  • Nuclear Power production in India is one of the growing sources of energy in India.

  • Located in Maharashtra, Tarapur is the first and largest nuclear power plant in India.

  • Following are the major Operating nuclear power plants in India:

    • Tarapur (Maharashtra)

    • Rawatbhata (Rajasthan)

    • Kudankulam & Kalpakkam (Tamil Nadu)

    • Kaiga (Karnataka)

    • Kakrapar (Gujarat)

    • Narora (Uttar Pradesh)

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Milk in India

  • India is the second largest (cow) milk producer in the world after China.

  • With 17% total share, Uttar Pradesh is the largest milk producing state in India.

  • Following are the major milk producing regions in India:

    • Uttar Pradesh

    • Rajasthan

    • Andhra Pradesh

    • Gujarat

    • Punjab

    • Madhya Pradesh

    • Maharashtra

    • Haryana

    • Tamil Nadu

    • Bihar

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Cotton in India

  • India is the second largest producer of cotton in the world (after China).

  • Gujarat is the largest cotton producer state in India.

  • Following are the major cotton producing regions in India:

    • Gujarat

    • Maharashtra

    • Telangana

    • Karnataka

    • Andhra Pradesh

    • Haryana

    • Madhya Pradesh

    • Rajasthan

    • Punjab

    • Tamil Nadu

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Tea in India

  • India is the second largest producer of tea in the world (after China).

  • Assam is the largest tea producer state in India.

  • Following are the major tea producing regions in India:

    • Assam

    • West Bengal

    • Tamil Nadu

    • Karnataka

    • Kerala

    • Uttar Pradesh

    • Uttarakhand

    • Himachal Pradesh

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Coffee in India

  • India is a leading coffee producing country in the world. Arabica and Robusta are the two types of coffee that grown in India.

  • With (about) 70% of total share (of coffee production), Karnataka is the largest coffee producer.

  • Following are the major coffee producing regions in India:

    • Karnataka

    • Kerala

    • Tamil Nadu

    • Andhra Pradesh

    • Odisha

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Sugarcane in India

  • India is the second (rank) producer of sugarcane in the world after Brazil.

  • Uttar Pradesh is the biggest producer of sugarcane in India; however, with 107 tonnes/hectare, Tamil Nadu has the highest per hectare sugarcane production.

  • Following are the major wheat producing regions in India:

    • Uttar Pradesh

    • Maharashtra

    • Tamil Nadu

    • Karnataka

    • Andhra Pradesh

    • Bihar

    • Gujarat

    • Haryana

    • Punjab

    • Odisha

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Wheat in India

  • Wheat is one of the most important Rabi Crops. It is grown between September and December and harvested between February and May.

  • Uttar Pradesh has the highest amount of wheat production; however, with 4,693 kg/hectare, Punjab has the highest per hectare wheat production.

  • Following are the major wheat producing regions in India:

    • Uttar Pradesh

    • Punjab

    • Haryana

    • Madhya Pradesh

    • Rajasthan

    • Bihar

    • Gujarat

    • Maharashtra

    • Uttarakhand

    • West Bengal

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Rice in India

  • India is one of the largest producers of white rice and brown rice in the world. It shares about 20% of rice production of the world.

  • Following are the major rice producing regions (in India):

    • West Bengal
    • Punjab
    • Uttar Pradesh
    • Andhra Pradesh
    • Tamil Nadu
    • Bihar
    • Chhattisgarh
    • Odisha
    • Assam

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Petroleum in India

  • Located in Lakhimpur district of Assam, Digboi is the oldest oil producing region of India.

  • Bappapung and Hunsapung are the two major oil fields of Digboi.

  • Major oil fields of Gujarat are Amkleswar (largest), Cambay, Kosamba, Kalol, Mehsana, Nowgam, Dholka, Sananda, Lunej, Wavel Bakal, and Kathana.

  • Located about 150 km north west of Mumbai City in the Arabian Sea, Bombay High is one of the leading oil producing regions.

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Iron Ore Reserves in India

  • The major iron ore producing regions/mines in Odisha are Gurumahisani, Sulaipat, and Badampahar (in Mayurbhanj district); Kiriburu and Bagiaburu (in Keonjhar district); and Bonai (in Sundargarh district).

  • The major iron ore producing regions/mines in Chhattisgarh are Dhalli Rajhara (in Durg district) and Bailadila (in Bastar district).

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Mineral Resources in India

List of States by Coal Reserves

State Reserves (In Million Tonnes, est.)
Jharkhand 80,716
Odisha 75,073
Chhattisgarh 52,533
West Bengal 31,318
Madhya Pradesh 25,673

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Top Ranking Countries

The following table enlists the Top Ranking countries in their respective fields:

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Countries by Mangoes Production

The following table enlists the Mangoes producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Apple Production

The following table enlists the Apple producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Banana Production

The following table enlists the Banana producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Grape Production

The following table enlists the Grape producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Orange Production

The following table enlists the Orange producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Rubber Production

The following table enlists the Rubber (natural) producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Coffee (Green) Production

The following table enlists the Coffee (Green) producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Tea Production

The following table enlists the Tea producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Tobacco Production

The following table enlists the Tobacco producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Sugarcane Production

The following table enlists the Sugarcane producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Jute Production

The following table enlists the Jute producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Cotton Production

The following table enlists the Cotton producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Maize Production

The following table enlists the Maze producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Wheat Production

The following table enlists the Aluminum producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Rice Production

The following table enlists the Rice producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Manganese Production

The following table enlists the Manganese producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Silver Production

The following table enlists the Silver producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Uranium Reserve

The following table enlists the Uranium reserve countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Iron-ore Export

The following table enlists the Iron-ore exporting countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Iron-ore Production

The following table enlists the Iron-ore producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Diamond Production

The following table enlists the Diamond producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Diamond Export

The following table enlists the Diamond exporting countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Gold Export

The following table enlists the Gold exporting countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Gold Production

The following table enlists the Gold producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Copper Production

The following table enlists the Copper producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Bauxite Production

The following table enlists the Bauxite producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Aluminum Production

The following table enlists the Aluminum producing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Coal Exports

The following table enlists the coal exporting countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Coal Imports

The following table enlists the coal importing countries in decreasing order:

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Countries by Coal Consumption

The following table enlists the coal consuming countries in decreasing order:

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